Kayaking is one of the most popular recreational sport for all ages. Kayaking can be a great start to a more healthy and active lifestyle. So, you thought of purchasing a kayak, and you’re wondering whether one of those little boats can hold your weight. It’s common for inexperienced kayakers to have doubts regarding the kayak weight limit. You may need assistance figuring out what will be the perfect size kayak as per your weight? Or something like how to calculate what’s the ideal kayak weight capacity to you?
If you already have one kayak, but you’re eager to learn more about what all these numbers signify? Whatever be the reason, this article is worth your precious time. Be sure to stick around for few minutes to find answers to all your weight-limit-related concerns below!
We’ll talk about the different types of kayaks available, as well as what might happen if someone exceeds their kayak’s weight limit.
What’s a Kayak Weight Limit?
One of the most important factors to consider when purchasing a kayak is its weight limit. Every kayak has a specific maximum weight capacity that it can hold. The weight capacity varies from one kayak to another and also depends on the manufacturing companies.
A kayak’s weight capacity is the maximum weight it can carry and remain floating. If you’re kayaking, then you would want to stay above water. You should ensure that the combined weight of you and your gear should be less than the kayak’s weight limit. The total weight should not exceed this specific limit, or you will be drowned in no time. The kayak’s weight limit is the maximum weight capacity, and you should not misinterpret it as an ideal weight capacity.
No strict industry-standard determines the weight limit for kayaks, giving manufacturers complete freedom to go with their own set of dimensions that might sometimes confuse paddlers. Kayak weight limit is the number that can be used as an indicator for kayakers to access how much gear and pieces of equipment they could bring with them.
So you must be wondering can you use a kayak to its total weight limit, though?
Logically Yes, but this is not recommended at all. Suppose the advertised weight limit of a kayak is 250 pounds, which means that the kayak will float just above the water surface. You should not add more weight to the boat if you want it to remain afloat. Undoubtedly, the kayak will still float while carrying its maximum weight limit. However, the stability and maneuverability will suffer, leading the kayak to stumble. Due to this reason, why taking a kayak to its total weight is never advisable.
What are Average Kayak Weight Limits?
The weight capacity of kayaks depends on their purpose and building materials, because of which different kayaks have specific weight limits. Kayaks are generally classified based on use, i.e., surfing, play, tour, leisure, or even fishing. They keep in mind that the maximum weight capacity is not equal to optimal weight capacity.
Let’s look at some different types of kayaks to better understand the maximum weight limit for each.
- Recreational Kayaks: Recreational Kayaks are the most common models that are found in the market. They are designed for casual use only, such as slow-moving rivers, flat water bodies like lakes, and short party paddles for fun and relaxation. Now, you get a common idea that these kayaks are made for recreational uses, due to which they are not supposed to carry any additional weight. Recreational kayaks have the lowest weight capacity out of all kayak types. The average weight limit of these kayaks ranges between 200-300 pounds. Bad weather is always a problem for these kayaks. These kayaks are 10-15 feet in length and have big cockpits.
- Sit-On-Top Kayaks: Sit-On-Top Kayaks are more expansive and stable, which allows easy entry/exit. One of the exciting features of these kayaks is their self-draining scupper holes that prevent extra water from coming inside and increase the overall load. Overall, Sit-On-Top Kayaks are best for beginners and younger paddlers. They are relatively on the slower side in comparison to cockpit-style kayaks. They are designed to be used in calm water and weather. The average weight limit of Sit-On-Top Kayaks ranges between 300-400 pounds.
- Inflatable Kayaks: Inflatable Kayaks are used for whitewater kayaking. They are more comprehensive and have a larger weight capacity than hard-shell kayaks due to the buoyancy effect provided by their air-filled tubes. If you want a kayak for adults, you should undoubtedly consider inflatable kayaks. Generally, their average weight capacity lies between 400-500 pounds. Some of the advanced models can go even up to 750 pounds. They have the ability and stability to handle the weight of big guys and their gear.
- Tandem Kayaks: Kayaking is a fun sport that can be best shared with a partner. Tandem kayaks are designed for use by multiple paddlers, which is why they come in handy. It’s best used when you’re bringing a younger buddy or a beginner along with you. They are longer and usually more comprehensive than single-seat kayaks, which makes them useful for longer trips. They are generally wider and longer than single-seat kayaks, making them useful for longer trips. They have a vast body that keeps them stable. They are mostly 14-18 feet long and are the highest-weight capacity kayak. They are widely popular because of their stability and spacious cockpit. Tandem Kayaks have an average weight limit that falls somewhere between 500-650 pounds.
- Touring Kayaks: Touring kayaks are designed especially for paddlers who are interested in long travels. They are also known as expedition kayaks. They are intended for trips that generally last for several days, opposite to recreational kayaks. These kayaks are comfortable going through turbulent water flow and windy weather. Touring kayaks can even hold their shape in an open ocean, making them an excellent option for multiday trips. They have more storage space to load all your gears. Touring kayaks have a weight capacity between 300-350 pounds.
- Fishing Kayaks: As the name suggests, a fishing kayak can be used for fishing. This kayak has been quite popular these days. Fishing kayaks are powered by pedals which means your hands will be free to use the fishing rod. A regular size fishing kayak can have a weight limit between 200-400 pounds.
- Pelican Kayaks: Pelican kayaks are no different but one of the most popular touring kayaks. These kayaks can pretty much fit any load capacity. Their weight limit can be 200 pounds on the lowest and can be 425 pounds at the maximum.
How To Determine A Kayak’s True Weight Limit?
There are two main methods of calculating the kayak’s actual weight limit that will suit you. One is by considering your weight and adding up the importance of gear that you will be bringing. You should select the kayak with a maximum weight limit that must be more or equal to 125 pounds than your actual weight.
Another method is by using a thumb rule for defining the kayak size. Generally, the maximum capacity limit stated by the advertising or the manufacturer company is not a great option to trust. You should always reduce that kayak weight limit number by approximately 30-35%. And you are then using it as a reference to bring all your backpacks and gear.
This maximum weight limit is the weight capacity of your kayak when it is filled. The kayak will be unstable if it is fully loaded because then it will float in shallow water. There may be chances of capsizing or sinking if serious safety measures have not been adhered to.
How To Estimate The Weight Of Your Kayaking Equipment?
The type of equipment and gear you’re going to take with you changes with weather changes and seasons. To get a clear idea of the exact weight limit of your kayak, you’ll need to measure the estimated weight of all your kayaking gears. As you gain experience in kayaking, you’ll be able to wind up dry bags, drysuits, float bags, storage bins, and outriggers. One of the best ideas I can give you is to purchase a similar type of hanging scale used by most backpackers, with the help of which they measure the weight of their backpack before a hike.
If you don’t have a hanging scale, you can still use leftover grocery bags to load all of your kayaking gear, weighing them individually and adding up items one by one for the purpose.
What Happens If You Exceed The Weight Limit On A Kayak?
There are consequences if you exceed the maximum weight limit of your kayak.
When your kayak is fully loaded to its maximum weight capacity, you will experience that your cockpit begins filling up with water, eventually which can hamper the safety of the kayak.
There are more chances for this problem in cockpit-style kayaks and sit-on-top.
It will be difficult to paddle the kayak because the unwanted water distributed non-uniformly will dampen up the paddling, and this will cause instability to your kayak. There will be a danger of capsizing.
You will lose all your gear and fishing equipment that you brought on the kayak if it sinks. The overall performance will surely suffer a drop considerably.
Is There A Way To Increase The Kayak’s Weight Limit?
Suppose you bought a kayak a few months back, but now you’ve gained a little weight, due to which you have let go of some gears and pieces of equipment. It’s a scenario you would never want to happen ever.
As you know, the weight limit for a kayak is defined by the volume of the kayak’s hull. So, theoretically, there is nothing you can do to change the maximum weight capacity of the kayak. But, there is good news for you because there are specific ways by which you can quickly increase your kayak’s weight capacity a little bit. By improving the buoyancy, you can increase the weight limit slightly. The kayak will float and carry the extra load to some extent with the help of this buoyancy effect. There will only be a few alterations required in your kayak.
- Adding Float Bags: Float bags are best used in some whitewater kayaks because they rely on extra flotation to stay afloat. But, float bags can also be used to increase the weight limit of other kayaks up to a bit of degree. They’ll take some additional space for sure that you might use for storing fishing equipment or safety gear.
- Installing Outriggers :-Honestly, installing a set of kayak outriggers will not increase the weight limit of your kayak itself. However, it can improve the stability of your kayak when you’ve loaded up to its maximum weight limit.
But, there will be few disadvantages of applying outriggers. Your kayak will be less effective due to two bulky outriggers attached to it from both sides.
Still, in my opinion, I would recommend you to purchase a new kayak with more weight carrying capacity instead of doing severe alterations to your existing kayak.
Frequently Asked Questions
Que.1:- Can you kayak if you’re overweight?
Ans:- You can. Anyone who can fit in the cockpit of the kayak can kayak. Kayaking is not restricted to people of specific sizes and shapes. Several kayaks are suitable for tall paddlers who require more considerable legroom. Choosing the perfect kayak is everything. It would help if you never let your size hinder your expectation and desires for kayaking.
Que.2:- Can a 300lb person kayak?
Ans:- Of Course, yes, you should never doubt whether you can kayak or not. Irrespective of whatever weight you have, there are kayaks intended to carry a more prominent person and still be effective with stability and buoyancy. Those kayaks have an enormous cockpit and are more comprehensive than usual kayaks. While purchasing a kayak, large paddlers should opt for the one whose width is at least 30 inches and length of 12 feet.
Que.3:- How heavy is too heavy for a kayak?
Ans:- Generally, kayaks don’t sink even if they are loaded heavily. Extra weight can result in reduced stability and take it lower in the water. On average, the right kayak should always hold on to 125 pounds less of its weight capacity. Overloading a kayak can have many consequences, as you read above. So, it will be good to buy a kayak that is 30-35% less than its weight limit.